Modeling water stress effects on corn growth

  • 64 Pages
  • 0.46 MB
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  • English
by
Corn -- Growth., Corn -- Water requirem
Statementby Claudio St"ockle.
The Physical Object
Paginationix, 64 leaves, bound :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16565549M

Response Modeling water stress effects on corn growth book Crops to Limited Water: Understanding and Modeling Water Stress Effects on Plant Growth Processes is an excellent first book in this series.

We believe that this book will be of great importance to all scientists, modelers, and students working in water-limited crop production systems.

A recent book on 'Response of crops to limited water' published by American Society of Agronomy/Crop Science Society of America/Soil Science Society of America and Edited by Ahuja, Reddy, Saseendran, and Yu is very timely in addressing the various climatic soil and plant factors that contribute to the water use efficiency in plants subjected to water : Hardcover.

31H50). Water stress affected growth and yield more in Pioneer 34N43 than in Pioneer 31H A crop model APSIM-Maize, after having been calibrated for the two cultivars, was used to simulate maize growth and development under water stress. The predictions on leaf area index (LAI). Response of Crops to Limited Water: Understanding and Modeling Water Stress Effects on Plant Growth Processes L.R.

Ahuja, V.R. Reddy, S.A. Saseendran and Qiang Yu (ed.) ISBN: OPEN ACCESS. About this book. Agricultural systems modelers see a snarl of competing water demands, depleted aquifers, increased drought, and changing plant water requirements due to global warming and know where the answers lie—in simultaneously achieving • conservation of rain and irrigation water by management that cuts losses from runoff, deep percolation, and evaporation • preservation of the.

It is essential to provide experimental evidence and reliable predictions of the effects of water stress on crop production in the drier, less predictable environments. A field experiment undertaken in southeast Queensland, Australia with three water regimes (fully irrigated, rainfed and irrigated until late canopy expansion followed by rainfed) was used to compare effects of water stress on Cited by: ().

Analysis and Modelling of the Effects of Water Stress on Maize Growth and Yield in Dryland Conditions. Plant Production Science: Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. Cited by: With mm of irrigation water, high grain yield and WUE were simulated at 80 to % ETsw irrigation targets between the vegetative and reproductive stages.

With mm of irrigation water. Scarcity of water is a severe environmental restriction to plant productivity. Crop growth and yields are negatively affected by sub-optimal water supply due to physical damages, physiological disruptions, and biochemical changes.

Here, we have reviewed the effects of water deficit stress on the germination and growth, water and nutrient relations, photosynthesis, and respiration in plants, Author: Meeta Jain, Sunita Kataria, Mamta Hirve, Rajkumar Prajapati. In book: Water Stress, Chapter: 1, Publisher: InTech: Rijeka, Croatia, Editors: Ismail M.

Description Modeling water stress effects on corn growth EPUB

Rahman, Hiroshi Hasegawa, pp.1–14 Water Stress in Plants: Causes, Effects and Responses. A field study was carried out from to in order to determine the effect of irrigation and water stress imposed at different development stages on vegetative growth, grain yield and other yield components of corn (Zea mays field trials were conducted on a silty loam Entisol soil, with Pioneer corn by: rieties.

This study was aimed to determine water stress effects on the growth and yield of cotton. The present study was carried out to examine the effect of number of irrigations on the growth and yield of cotton during The field trial was conducted at the Experimental Fields ofFile Size: KB. Standardization of the Effect of Water Stress on the Yield and Productivity of Corn (Zea maize L.) According to the Stages of Growth Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Advanced Research 1(4) Water Stress Effects on Leaf Growth and Chlorophyll Content but Not the Grain Yield in Traditional Rice (Oryza sativa.

Linn.) Genotypes of Assam, India II. Protein and Proline Status in Seedlings under PEG Induced Water Stress. water deficit occurs. Grain yield under stress environment is File Size: KB. Response of Crops to Limited Water: Understanding and Modeling Water Stress Effects on Plant Growth Processes is an excellent first book in this series.

We believe that this book will be of great importance to all scien-tists, modelers, and students working in water-limited crop production systems. A field study was carried out from to in order to determine the effect of irrigation and water stress imposed at different development stages on vegetative growth, grain yield and other Author: Recep Cakir.

The effects of water stress depend on the severity and duration of the stress, the growth stage at which stress is imposed, and the genotype of the plant (Kramer, ). It is essential to provide experimental evidence and reliable predictions of the effects of water stress on crop production in the drier, less predictable environments.

A field exCited by: Similarly, Table 1 showed that water stress reduced significantly the absorption of nitrogen; phosphorus and potassium by plant, also total pigments and total chlorophyll accumulation were reduced.

Plants under missing the fourth irrigation had the lowest growth characters and chemical composition, if compared with missing the third, the second or the normal irrigation (control).

Details Modeling water stress effects on corn growth EPUB

The impacts of drought and heat stress are often different, and tolerance mechanisms may also be different. There is a wide range of crop modeling approaches (simple empirical models and more mechanistic models) that try to quantify the impact of stresses on growth, development, and yield and yield quality traits.

Home; This edition;English, Book, Illustrated edition: Response of crops to limited water: understanding and modeling water stress effects on plant growth. Hu J C, Cao W X, Jiang D, Luo W H. Quantification of water stress factor for crop growth simulation I.

Effects of drought and waterlogging stress on photosynthesis, transpiration and dry matter partitioning in winter wheat. Acta Agron. Sin. 3: Google by: Corn Growth and Development Yield components and critical growth stages for their definition in corn production. 1 Potential Kernel Weight = set when cell division takes place in the endosperm, 7 to 10 days after pollination (R1-R2 or the “lag” phase of the sigmoidal kernel growth curve).File Size: 2MB.

The effects of water stress on vegetative soybeans. The vegetative growth of soybeans during drought is diminished and stressed plants that are often shorter with smaller leaves caused by lack of water, nutrient availability and nutrient uptake.

Model for Corn Growth and Development and Timing of Management Options. 10(9) Joe Lauer, Corn Agronomist. Corn growth and development occurs during a growing season with predictable stages. Understanding how the corn plant develops is key to interpreting the effects of the growing season on yield.

Introduction.

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The lack of water, drought, is one of the major constraints that limit crop production and drought phenomenon is a chemical – physical complex, intervene in the organization of a number of large and small bio-molecules, such as nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates, fatty acids, hormones, ions, and nutrients 2, stress is usually associated with a variety Cited by: A simple, physiologically based model of the growth and yield of potato crops constrained by water stress is described.

In the model, dry matter accumulation is the product of the light intercepted by the plant canopy and the coefficient of conversion of intercepted radiation into dry matter (C).The rate of extension of individual leaves is related to thermal time and used to calculate leaf Cited by: For pulse crop tolerance to excess water stress, fababeans>soybeans>>>field beans>peas.

Table 5. Effect of water stress on peas at different growth stages (Cannel et al, ). Treatment Relative Yield Control (non-flooded) % Waterlogged for 5 days @ leaf stage 48% @ leaves (pre-flower) 7% @ leaves (flowering) 25%File Size: KB.

The first in the Advances in Agricultural Systems Modeling series, Response of Crops to Limited Water: Understanding and Modeling Water Stress Effects on Plant Growth Processes compiles the work of world experts, systematically presenting recent knowledge of water stress effects, and emphasizing the knowledge synthesis that will move agriculture lture today requires a whole.

This study analyses the role of variability induced by climate and soil properties (texture and total available soil water in the root zone, TAW) on the “corn deficit irrigation–water use efficiency” relation over a year period, between andin three different sites located in the South of by:.

Figure Correlations of computed annual crop water stress index with grain yields. There is evidence that vegetative growth is closely allied with plant transpiration (Dewit ). Thus, the estimated transpiration from SPAW can also provide water stress effects .Tillage influenced root growth.

When the soil was plowed annually corn roots developed more extensively to a greater depth than where soil was not tilled or tilled to a 5‐cm depth only.

Removal of residues depressed root growth in the 0‐10 cm depth. Roots .Corn requires different amounts of water at different growth stages. It requires less water at the early and late growth stages, while the peak water requirement occurs during the p e-riod two weeks before and after silking [5]-[7].

In the Mississippi Delta, there is usually adequate precipitation during the vegetative growth stages of corn.